Diarrhea is characterized by increased frequency of CHAPTER and the stool becomes liquid. Whereas in chronic diarrhea, can also appear in the form of symptoms of nausea, abdominal pain, flatulence, fever, weakness, pain in the anus, and weight loss. Prolonged or chronic diarrhea that is not handled properly, potentially causing dehydration.
The Cause Of Chronic DiarrheaProlonged diarrhea or chronic diarrhea can be caused by many conditions, such as:
1. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
IBS is one of the common causes of chronic diarrhea. Symptoms of IBS are abdominal pain that is missing at least three days occurred every month, accompanied by a change of the pattern CHAPTER (being diluted or hard). In this condition, abdominal pain usually diminishes after the stool out. IBS can be triggered by emotional stress or a history of infections.
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2. inflammatory bowel Disease
There are two main types of inflammatory bowel disease, that Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The main signs and symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease is the presence of blood in the stool is accompanied by abdominal pain, fever, weight loss is reduced, and the shape of the stool that looks like a pencil.
Chronic diarrhea can be caused by a bacterial infection, parasites (worms and ameba), viruses, and fungi. To determine the cause of infection, the doctor will need to perform a physical examination and an examination of the institution, such as a blood test and stool examination. From the results of the examination of stool, known types of germs cause prolonged diarrhea.
People who suffer from AIDS, chemotherapy, or taking immunosuppressive drugs have a weak body endurance, so susceptible to infection. Diarrhea is one of the most common symptoms experienced by people with the condition, and usually also experienced diarrhea worse.
4. hormonal Disorders
Hormonal abnormalities, such as disease, hyperthyroidism can lead to chronic diarrhea and weight loss.
5. Impaired absorption of nutrients
Malabsorbsi or impaired absorption of nutrients in foods can also cause chronic diarrhea. Some examples of diseases that can cause this disorder is lactose intolerance, celiac disease, and pancreatitis. Celiac disease sufferers are sensitive to gluten, so will experience diarrhea if consuming foods that contain these substances. Gluten is found mainly in foods made from wheat, such as bread, cakes, cereals and pizza.
6. Medical procedures
Operation the intestine (intestinal bypass) or stomach (gastric bypass) can lead to complications in the form of diarrhea. In addition, radiation therapy on digestive tract can also cause diarrhea.
Some types of herbal medicine, for example tea from leaves of Senna, have the effect of laxative, so that it can cause diarrhea. Drugs laxative (laxative), misoprostol, antasida, alcohol, and caffeine can also cause diarrhea. In addition, some types of antibiotics can cause prolonged diarrhea.
8. Colon cancer
One of the causes of the prolonged diarrhea needs to watch out for was colon cancer. In addition to diarrhea, the disease is characterized by the presence of blood in the stool, anemia, weakness, abdominal bloating, and often weight down without a clear cause.
Diagnosis and identification of the cause of chronic diarrheaTo determine the cause of chronic diarrhea, needed a complete examination by a doctor. The doctor will ask the patient experienced symptoms, perform physical examinations, as well as encourage the examination of supporting either a blood examination, examination of the stool (feces), endoscopy, X-rays or CT scans of the abdomen, and biopsy when necessary.
Cure Chronic DiarrheaProlonged diarrhea treatment depends on the cause. Cure chronic diarrhea can be an antibiotic if the diarrhea is caused by a bacteria, drugs, Antidiarrhoeal and administering fluid rehydration, either in the form of infusion fluids or beverages. The most important thing is making sure the needs of nutrition and fluids would be sure during diarrhea, so that the body is not dehydrated.
Most of the diarrhea can be cured by itself for adequate care at home, but it is generally applicable on acute diarrhea. For chronic diarrhea, considering its cause can be varied and may be harmful, the necessary examination and treatment from a doctor. Therefore, if you experience prolonged diarrhea, check with your doctor immediately.
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