Definition of Coronavirus

Coronavirus or Corona virus is a large family of viruses that causes a mild to moderate upper respiratory tract infection, such as flu disease. Many people are infected with this virus, at least once in its lifetime.

However, some types of corona viruses can also cause more serious illnesses, such as:
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV).
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
  • Pneumonia.
The SARS which appeared in November 2002 in China, spread to several other countries. Starting from Hongkong, Vietnam, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, UK, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, Russia, to the United States. The SARS epidemic which ended until the middle of 2003 was plunder 8,098 people in different countries. At least 774 people must lose their lives as a result of the severe respiratory tract infection.

Until now there are seven coronavirus (HCoVs) that have been identified, namely:
  • HCoV-229E.
  • HCoV-OC43.
  • HCoV-NL63.
  • HCoV-HKU1.
  • SARS-COV (which causes acute respiratory syndrome).
  • MERS-COV (Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome).
  • COVID-19 is also known as Coronavirus Novel (causing an outbreak of pneumonia in the city of Wuhan, China on December 2019, and spread to other countries from January 2020. Indonesia itself announces the case of Garry 19 from March 2020
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Coronavirus Infection Risk Factors  

Anyone can be infected with Corona virus. However, infants and young children, as well as people with weak immunity are more susceptible to this virus attack. In addition, season conditions may also be influential. For example, in the United States, Corona virus infections are more common in autumn and winter.

In addition, a person who lives or visits a region or country that is prone to corona viruses, is also at risk of suffering from this disease. For example, a visit to China, especially the city of Wuhan, was once a COVID-19 outbreak that began in December 2019.

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Causes of Coronavirus infection  

Coronavirus infection is caused by Corona virus itself. Mostly corona viruses spread like other viruses in general, such as:
  • A splash of saliva (cough and sneezing).
  • Touching the hand or face of an infected person.
  • Touching the eyes, nose, or mouth after holding the item exposed to the water splash of the corona virus. 
  • Stools or feces (rare)
Especially for COVID-19, incubation period is not known for sure. However, the average symptom that arises after 2-14 days after the first virus enters the body. In addition, the COVID-19 transmission method is also not known for sure. Initially, the type Corona virus COVID-19 is thought to be sourced from animals. The Corona COVID-19 virus is a virus circulating in some animals, including camels, cats, and bats.

In fact these viruses rarely evolve and infect humans and spread to other individuals. However, the case in China is now the real evidence that this virus can spread from animal to human. In fact, now the transmission can be from human to human.

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Coronavirus Infection Symptoms  

Corona viruses can lead to a variety of symptoms. These emerging symptoms depend on the type of Corona virus attacking, and how serious the infection occurs. Here are some symptoms of corona virus that is relatively mild:
  • The nose is edged.
  • Headaches.
  • Cough.
  • Sore throat.
  • Fever.
  • Feel bad body.
Things to affirm, some corona viruses can cause severe symptoms. The infection can be transformed into bronchitis and pneumonia (caused by COVID-19), resulting in symptoms such as:
  • Fever that may be high enough if the patient is suffering from pneumonia.
  • Cough with slime.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Chest pain or tightness during breathing and coughing.
Infection can get worse when attacking certain groups of individuals. For example, people with heart or lung disease, people with weakened immune systems, infants, and the elderly.

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Coronavirus Infection Diagnosis  

To diagnose a Corona virus infection, the doctor will start with anamnesis or a medical interview. Here the doctor will ask about the symptoms or complaints that patients suffer. In addition, the doctor will also conduct a physical examination, and blood screening to help enforce the diagnosis.

The doctor may also conduct phlegm tests, take samples from the throat, or other respiratory specimens. In case of suspected coronavirus novel infections, the Doctor will do a throat swab, DPL, hepar function, kidney function, and PCT/CRP.

Complications of Coronavirus infection  

Corona viruses that cause SARS disease can cause complications of pneumonia, and other severe respiratory problems when not treated quickly and appropriately. In addition, SARS can also cause respiratory failure, heart failure, liver, and death.

Almost identical to SARS, the coronavirus novel can also cause serious complications. This viral infection can cause pneumonia, acute respiratory syndrome, renal failure, and even death.

Coronavirus Infection Treatment  

There is no special treatment to overcome corona virus infections. Generally the people with will recover by itself. However, there are some efforts that can be done to relieve the symptoms of Corona virus infection. Examples:
  • Taking medication is sold freely to relieve pain, fever, and cough. However, do not give aspirin to children. In addition, do not give cough medicines in children under four years.
  • Use a humidifiers or a hot bath to help relieve sore throat and cough.
  • Take a break.
  • Strengthen body fluid intake.
  • If you are concerned about the symptoms you are experiencing, please contact the nearest health care provider.
Especially for corona viruses that cause serious illness, such as SARS, MERS, or COVID-19 infections, the treatment will be adjusted to the disease and condition of the patient.

If the patient has a coronavirus novel infection, the Doctor will refer to the local Ministry of referral RS. If it cannot be referenced for some reason, the doctor will do:
  • Insulation
  • The thoracic photo series is as indication.
  • Symptomatic therapy.
  • Fluid therapy.
  • Mechanical ventilator (when the breath fails)
  • When there is accompanied by bacterial infections, antibiotics can be administered.

Coronavirus Infection Prevention 

Until now there has been no vaccine to prevent Corona virus infection. However, there are at least a few ways that can be done to reduce the risk of contracting this virus. Here's what to do: 
  • Frequent breaks wash hands with soap and water for 20 seconds until clean.
  • Avoid touching your face, nose, or mouth when your hands are dirty or unwashed.
  • Avoid direct or close contact with sick people.
  • Avoid touching animals or wild fowl. 
  • Cleans and sterilises the surface of frequently used objects. 
  • Cover the nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing with tissue. Then, dispose of the tissue and wash your hands thoroughly. 
  • Don't leave the house in a sick state.
  • Wear a mask and immediately get medication to the health facility when experiencing symptoms of airway disease. 
In addition, you can strengthen the immune system with the consumption of vitamins and supplements as a form of prevention of this virus. Find the various Corona prevention products you need in Hospital. 

When to go to a doctor?

If the symptoms of a Corona virus infection or COVID-19 do not improve in a matter of days, or its symptoms are growing, immediately ask the doctor at the hospital to get the appropriate treatment. Quick and precise Diagnosis and treatment can increase the chances of recovery of the virus infection. 

Why ask first before the hospital? Every doctor in the hospital can give a preliminary diagnosis, then if necessary, can directly reference the hospital to Corona closest to your place of residence.

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