- B12 deficiency Anemia.
- Folate deficiency Anemia.
- Iron deficiency Anemia.
- Anemia due to chronic diseases.
- Hemolytic Anemia.
- Aplastic Anemia
- Megaloblastic Anemia.
- Pernsious Anemia.
- Sickle cell Anemia.
Risk Factors for Anemia
- Deficiency of vitamins and nutrients such as low in iron, vitamin B-12, and folate.
- Intestinal disorders, so that the ability to absorb nutrients and vitamins decreases.
- Have chronic diseases.
- There is a history of the same disease in the family
- Other factors such as exposure to toxic substances, immune condition, and so forth.
Causes of Anemia
- Consumption of certain medications.
- The elimination occurs earlier than usual in red blood cells, caused by immune problems.
- Have a history of chronic diseases, such as cancer, kidney, rheumatoid arthritis, or ulcerative colitis.
- Have some form of anemia, such as thalassaemia or sickle cell anemia, which can be lowered.
- Are pregnant.
- It has health problems with bone marrow such as lymphoma, leukemia, aplastic or myelodysplasia anemia, and multiple myeloma.
Symptoms of Anemia
- Always feel irritable.
- The body more often feels weak or tired or while exercising.
- Experiencing difficult problems concentrating or thinking.
- Color blue to white on the eyes.
- Nails become fragile.
- It appears a desire to eat ice cubes, soil, or other things that are not food (this condition is also called "Pica").
- Dizziness when standing.
- Pale skin tone.
- Shortness of breath.
- The tongue hurt.
Diagnosis of Anemia
- Levels of iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, and other vitamins and minerals.
- Red blood cell count and hemoglobin level.
- The number of reticulocytes.
- In addition, there are also other tests that may be performed to find medical problems that may cause anemia.
Complications of Anemia
Treatment of Anemia
- Blood transfusions.
- Administration of medications that can suppress the immune system.
- Administration of drugs with the aim to multiply blood cells in the body.
- Taking iron supplements, vitamin B12, folic acid, vitamins, as well as other minerals.
Prevention of Anemia
When to go to a doctor?
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