Definition of brain abscessBrain abscesses are a collection of pus-developing fluid in the brain due to infection. These brain abscesses cause swelling in the brain, thereby disrupting some brain functions.
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Symptoms of brain abscessSymptoms usually appear slowly for several weeks, but may also appear suddenly. Symptoms that can arise are:
- Changes in consciousness, such as being unconscious, confused, and not responding to orders.
- Decreased speech function.
- Decreased sensation.
- Decreased motion and muscle function.
- Sharp decline in eyesight.
- Neck stiffness.
Causes of brain abscessBrain abscesses are formed due to the various causes of infections such as fungi, viruses, and bacteria reaching the brain through the formation of a head or infection in other parts of the body that penetrate the brain's barrier. Infections of the heart and lungs are the most frequent causes of brain abscesses. Brain abscesses can also be formed from ear infections, sinus, or abscesses on the teeth.
Risk factors for brain abscessAlmost all people can be exposed to brain abscesses, but there are some who have greater risks than others.
Some conditions that may increase the risk of brain abscesses are:
- Diseases that reduce the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS.
- Cancer and other chronic diseases.
- Severe head injury or fractures of the skull bones.
- Immunosuppressive drugs (lowering the immune system), such as steroids or chemotherapy.
- Sinus infections or chronic middle ear infections.
Brain Abscess DiagnosisDiagnosis of brain abscess is enforced by digging deeper than the perceived symptoms of a craving. The doctor then performs a complete neurology examination. The examination depicts presence of brain suppression due to abscess. Some supporting examinations can be performed to help enforce brain abscess diagnosis, namely:
CT Scan and MRI imaging, used to see the formation of abscesses in the brain.
Lumbar puncture, used to take samples of brain fluids from the spine. This brain fluid is then carried out microscopic examination to ensure the cause of brain abscess.
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Prevention of brain abscessBrain abscesses are a serious condition. Brain abscesses can be prevented by maintaining self-hygiene and the environment so as not to be exposed to abscesses. Some ways to reduce the risk of brain abscesses include:
Medical procedures such as tooth extraction or other dental actions need to be done carefully in order to avoid infections that trigger brain abscesses.
Post-treatment procedure or medical action, treatment after careful action and consideration of sterility aspect.
Routine examination of chronic diseases such as heart disease or diabetes.
Brain Abscess TreatmentAntibiotics can be used to treat brain abscesses. Especially on abscesses less than 2.5 cm from the head. Surgery is performed when the antibiotic therapy fails. This can also be done when there is a risk of rupture of abscess sac in the brain.
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When to go to a doctor?When there are symptoms that lead to brain abscesses, such as high fever followed by symptoms related to other neurologic disorders, the person immediately contacts the doctor for immediate treatment and diagnosis of the condition. To perform the examination, you can immediately make an appointment with a doctor of choice in the hospital as per domicile here.
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