Definition of cholesterol
Mulkiarea.com - Cholesterol helps the body produce vitamin D, a number of hormones, and bile acids to digest fats. Cholesterol in the appropriate levels is actually needed by the body in helping to build new cells to keep the body functioning normally. Apart from that, cholesterol is also needed for digestive processes, production of hormones, and forming vitamin D. If cholesterol levels are too high, it is harmful to the body because it will cause various diseases and complications.
In the blood, cholesterol is carried by proteins. Combined are both called lipoproteins. The two main types of lipoproteins are lipoproteins with low density (LDL) commonly referred to as bad cholesterol and high density lipoproteins (HDL) commonly referred to as good cholesterol.
The task of LDL is transporting cholesterol from the liver organ to the cells in need. But if the amount of cholesterol exceeds the need, it can settle on the walls of the arteries causing the disease. Meanwhile, HDL is tasked to transport cholesterol back into the liver organs, as opposed to LDL. In the liver, cholesterol will be destroyed or secreted by the body through feces or impurities.
The suggested blood cholesterol levels for each person vary. It depends on each person whether it has a higher or lower risk to be exposed to artery disease. Meanwhile, examination of the level or amount of cholesterol in the blood can be measured by a blood test.
Checking cholesterol levels in the blood should be done if you experience symptoms of overweight, high blood pressure, diabetes, or other diseases that may increase cholesterol levels.
If there are close relatives who suffer from cholesterol, or there are close relatives who have a cardiovascular history at an early age, the diagnosis of cholesterol levels is strongly recommended.
For those who have been diagnosed with coronary heart disease, mild stroke, or peripheral artery disease, it is advisable to perform this examination as well.
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High cholesterol Risk factors
The risk of the people with also increases if he or she has hypertension, diabetes, or has a family with heart disease or stroke. Genetic conditions (heredity) called familial hypercholesterolaemia can also cause high cholesterol in a person. Although it has been keeping the diet and eating healthy foods, but the cholesterol levels of this condition will remain high.
Causes of cholesterol
If the cholesterol levels in the blood exceed normal levels, then this condition is known as hypercholesterolemia or high cholesterol. High cholesterol conditions can increase the risk of serious illness. Cholesterol itself is a fatty compound that is largely produced in the liver organs and is partly obtained from food. Generally, heart attack and stroke is a disease that lurks high cholesterol that results from the deposition of excessive cholesterol in blood vessels.
Consuming foods with high cholesterol or lack of exercise can also cause excess cholesterol, however, hereditary factors can also be a trigger of cholesterol.
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When settling on the wall of the arteries due to excessive cholesterol levels, there is a blood flow in the heart, the brain, and other body parts can occur. High Koleterol increase the risk of a person exposed to the narrowing of the arteries or atherosclerosis, blood clots in certain parts of the body, mild strokes, strokes, until a heart attack.
The pain in the front chest or on the arm (angina) when a person is stressed or is doing heavy physical activity can also be caused by high cholesterol. High cholesterol also increases the risk of a person to be exposed to coronary heart disease.
If it does not change the diet and does not stop smoking, high cholesterol levels will be more risky to get a stroke or heart disease. In cigarettes found a chemical substance called akrolein. This substance can stop the activity of good cholesterol or HDL to transport a fat heap to the liver. Consequently, there can be arterial narrowing or atherosclerosis.
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Diagnosis of cholesterol
Diagnosis of cholesterol is done based on the results of blood screening and physical examination of the symptoms experienced by the sufferter. A family history check will also be conducted by a physician. It aims to ensure that there are other medical conditions that cause high cholesterol levels in the blood.
A simple blood test used to measure cholesterol levels is also known as a lipid panel. This test is useful for assessing total cholesterol levels, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. To perform this test, the doctor will take your blood samples. The doctor will then send the sample to the laboratory for analysis. When the test results are already out, the doctor will tell you when your cholesterol or triglyceride levels are too high.
High cholesterol treatment
Cholesterol levels can be lowered and the risk of heart disease lurking can be avoided, should often be checked to the doctor for the risk to be avoided. Treatment by prescribing cholesterol-lowering drugs will usually be performed by a physician.
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High cholesterol prevention
Eating healthy and nutritious food is one of the main steps that can be done in preventing or lowering cholesterol levels. The fat content in food should be low. Try replacing the consumption of foods containing saturated fats with fruits and vegetables, as well as whole grains (for example, whole wheat bread). The cholesterol levels in the body will remain low. Avoiding smoking is also important in addition to routine diet and weight loss for those who have excess weight.
Before performing the lipid panel, the doctor may ask you not to eat and drink anything for at least 12 hours in advance.
When to go to a doctor?
If you have already taken precautions, but cholesterol levels remain high for several days, thus disrupting the activity, then visit the doctor immediately to ask for advice. Handling is faster, it may help to prevent the emergence of worse problems. Contact your doctor immediately if you feel the above symptoms.
Proper handling can minimize the consequences, so the treatment can be done faster. Choose the right doctor in the hospital to suit your needs and close to where you live.