atheroscosis, namely the buildup of cholesterol and other substances, such as calcium and fibrin, which form obstruction or plaque in arterial blood vessels. Plaque can form on artery walls even since a person is young. But increasing age, the risk of plaque formation will be higher. If left untreated, the length of this plaque may lead to a reduction in the elastity of the arteries and to interfere with the flow of blood.
Things that increase coronary heart disease riskSo far, the exact cause of plaque formation in the arteries is still unknown. But some of the following can increase the risk of a person having atherosclerosis:
Smoking roomsSmoking is one of the most contributing factors in the increased risk of coronary heart disease. Smokers are predicted to have a risk of developing coronary heart disease 24% greater than those who do not smoke. Nicotine content and carbon monoxide in cigarettes make the heart work heavier than usual. Both substances also increase the risk of blood clots in the arteries. Unfortunately, other chemicals in cigarettes can also damage the coronary artery lining, thereby increasing the risk of coronary heart disease.
CholesterolCholesterol that flows too much in the blood can cause coronary heart disease. The type of cholesterol that makes the risk of coronary heart disease increased is low-density lipoprotein (LDL) commonly referred to as ' bad ' cholesterol. Because it is this cholesterol that has a tendency to stick and hoard in the coronary arteries.
The occurrence of blood clotsBlood clots or thrombosis occurring in the coronary arteries will inhibit blood supply to the heart. The process of blood clotting is closely related to other factors, such as the process of inflammation, high cholesterol levels, uncontrolled blood sugar, and stress.
High blood pressureHigh blood pressure can also increase the risk of coronary heart disease. A person is categorized as having high blood pressure if it has a systolic pressure at a range of 130 mmHg or more, or a diastolic pressure of 80 mmHg or more. The systolic pressure itself is defined as the size of blood pressure when the heart contracts to pump blood out. While diastolic pressure is blood pressure when the heart muscle is stretched to fill blood.
How to prevent coronary heart diseaseTo minimize the risk of coronary heart disease, there are several ways that you can do, including:
- Conducting regular exercise.
- Apply healthy diet and balanced nutrition, eat fruit and vegetable intake, reduce foods that contain cholesterol and excess salt.
- Lose weight if excessive.
- Control blood pressure.
- Control stress.
- Adequate rest. Research shows that lack of quality and sleep hours affects the increased risk of coronary heart disease.
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