When during this time the migraine is known as the disease that occurs in the head, it turns out there is also a type of migraine that can occur in the stomach, namely abdominal migraine or abdominal migraine. Abdominal migraines most often attack children, especially those aged between 7 – 10 years.
However, the disease is often miscalculated by the causes of other abdominal pains that are common in children, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and Crohn's disease. Therefore, a further examination is required to detect abdominal migraines. Let's see the explanation further below.
Despite the abdominal migraine and migraine headaches are two different diseases, but both are often caused by the same triggers. Children who have family members who experience migraine headaches also tend to experience abdominal migraines. And children undergoing abdominal migraine will typically experience migraine headaches when they are adult later. So, what exactly is causing abdominal migraines?
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Abdominal Migraine CausesThe exact cause of abdominal migraine is not known until now. However, one of the theories states that the change in histamine and serotonin levels is made by being in charge of the disease. Experts also suspect that anger or anxiety can lead to abdominal migraines.
Foods like chocolate, foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG) high and processed meats with nitrite can also trigger stomach migraines in some people. Swallowing a lot of air can also trigger stomach symptoms similar to abdominal migraines. It causes bloating and difficult to eat.
Get to know the symptomsWhen migraine causes pain in the head, abdominal migraine inflict pain in the stomach, precisely around the belly button. That is why doctors often call this disease a midline stomach ache. In addition, children with abdominal migraine may also experience the following symptoms:
- Feeling nausea and vomiting;
- The face becomes pale or flushed;
- Feeling sleepy and weak;
- Loss of appetite; and
- It appears dark shadows under the eyes.
How to diagnose Abdominal migraineThere is no specific test to diagnose abdominal migraines. Here are the test steps that the doctor will normally do to detect this stomach disease:
1. Inquire about child and family health historyThe doctor will usually start the exam by asking about the child's and family's health history. Because, children with abdominal migraine usually have family members who suffer from migraine headaches.
2. Asking for symptomsThen, the doctor will ask about the symptoms experienced by the child. Children are sure to experience abdominal migraine when they meet these criteria:
- Experience abdominal pain attacks at least five times each lasting 1 – 72 hours.
- Experiencing pain around the belly button that can be moderate, to severe.
- Experience at least two of the following symptoms: loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, pale skin.
- There is no other evidence that indicates GI condition or kidney disease.
3. Physical examinationThe doctor will also conduct a physical examination to determine the location of pain in the stomach.
4. Ultrasonography Or Endoscopy TestAlthough usually a child's health history and physical examination is sufficient to detect abdominal migraines, tests such as ultrasonography or endoscopy can be performed to exclude other causes that have similar symptoms, such as gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), Crohn's disease, IBS, intestinal blockage, stomach ulcers, kidney disease, and cholecystitis.
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