Definition of hypertension
Hypertension Risk Factors
- Aged over 65 years old.
- Consume a lot of salt.
- Have a family with hypertension.
- Eat less fruit and vegetables.
- Rarely exercise.
- Drink too much coffee (or other beverages containing caffeine).
- Consume too much liquor.
Causes of hypertension
1. Primary hypertension
2. Secondary hypertension
- Various conditions and medications that can cause secondary hypertension include:
- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
- Kidney problems.
- Adrenal gland tumors.
- Thyroid problems.
- Congenital defects in blood vessels.
- Medications, such as birth control pills, flu medication, decongestants, painkillers are sold freely.
- Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamine.
Symptoms of hypertension
- Normal blood pressure, which is below 120/80 mmHg.
- High blood pressure, when systolic pressure is in the range of 120-129 mmHg and diastolic pressure is under 80 mmHg.
- Stage 1 hypertension, when systolic pressure is in the range of 130-139 mmHg and diastolic pressure ranges from 80-89 mmHg.
- Hypertension Stage 2. This is a more severe hypertensive condition. Phase 2 hypertension is when the systolic pressure 140 mmHg or higher or diastolic pressure 90 mmHg or higher.
- The drug to remove excess salts and fluids in the body through urine. Hypertension makes the patient susceptible to high levels of salt in the body, for that use of the drug is needed as part of the treatment.
- The drug to dilate blood vessels, so that blood pressure can fall. Hypertension makes the patient susceptible to obstruction of blood vessels.
- The drug works to slow the heartbeat and dilate the vessels. The purpose of using this drug is to lower blood pressure in hypertension.
- Blood pressure lowering drugs that serve to make the walls of blood vessels more relaxed.
- The drug renin inhibitors that have the main function of the drug to inhibit the work of enzymes that serve to raise blood pressure and produced by the kidneys. If the renin works excessively, blood pressure will rise uncontrollably.
- Eating healthy foods.
- Reduce salt consumption should not be excessive.
- Reduce excessive consumption of caffeine such as tea and coffee.
- Exercise regularly.
- Lose weight, if needed.
- Reduce consumption of alcoholic beverages.
- Avoid consumption of sparkling beverages.
When to go to a doctor?
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