Mulkiarea.com – Cold allergies in medical terms are called cold urticaria, which is a skin reaction to cold that causes a reddish rash on the skin and feels itchy. Although it can occur in any age group, cold allergies are susceptible to the age of teenagers with different severity. So, why are there people who are cold allergies, huh? Know the fact here.
Cold allergies are not merely suggestive
Cold allergies occur when the body releases histamine and other chemical substances in the blood due to cold weather. The cause is not yet known for certain, but most cases of cold allergies are caused by genetic factors (having sensitive skin that is derived from parents) and infection of the disease (such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi). Immediately talk to the doctor if you experience the following symptoms after consuming cold food or drinks, and exposure to cold temperatures:
1. Swelling hands and feet
For example, when touching cold food, cold drinks, bathing in the morning, and exposure to other cold temperatures. In addition to hands and feet, swelling can occur in the tongue and throat. This condition needs to obtain treatment because it causes breathing difficulty and increases the risk of death.
2. Itchy reddish rash
It is a common symptom of cold allergies. Rash or reddish bumps appears as a result of white blood cells releasing histamine to the bloodstream. Consequently, the body responds to inflammation by raising a red bumps rash and a reddish bumps that feels itchy.
This symptom is relatively mild because in severe cases, cold allergies cause a decrease in blood pressure, heart pounding, loss of consciousness (fainting), to death. Immediately talk to the doctor if cold allergic symptoms do not improve within 24 hours.
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Overcome cold allergies to prevent complications
Diagnosis of cold allergies is quite easy. You can do it at home by laying ice cubes on the skin for 5 minutes. If symptoms arise afterwards, you may have a potential cold allergy. If the doctor suspects the presence of immune system disorders, blood tests and other supporting tests are needed for cold allergy diagnosis. After diagnosis is established, treatment is done to reduce the symptoms that arise, not cure it. Because until now, there have been no medications that cure cold allergies. This type of medication is usually a non-sedative antihistamine group with high doses. Antihistamines function to inhibit histamine substances in the body that produce allergic symptoms.
Cold allergies can be prevented in this way
If you have a cold allergy, here's what you can do to prevent symptoms from relapse:
- Avoid consumption of cold foods and drinks.
- Consumption of medications routinely and according to the prescribed dose of the doctor.
- Intake of antihistamine drugs before exposure to cold temperatures.
- Protect skin from cold temperature. For example, wearing thick clothes and jackets.
- Tell the doctor about the history of cold allergies experienced when they want to undergo surgery. The cold room during operation can trigger the onset of allergic symptoms.
- Take adrenaline injections on the go to anticipate life-threatening anaphylactic shock.