Definition of Pneumonia
Causes and Risk Factors for Pneumonia
- Examples of life that causes pneumonia that are transmitted in public places include:
- Bacteria, the most common is Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- The organism that secretes bacteria, Mycoplasma pneumonia.
- Mushrooms, usually fungus will attack people with immune system disorders.
- Children aged 2 years and under 2 years.
- Adults over 65 years.
- Hospitalized for a long time.
- Be treated in the ICU and use a ventilator (breathing apparatus).
- Have chronic lung disease or heart disease.
- People who have low immunity (such as people with HIV) or people who take drugs that suppress the immune system, and are on a chemotherapy course.
Symptoms of Pneumonia
- Chest pain when breathing or coughing.
- Cough with phlegm.
- Easily tired.
- Fever and chills.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Hard to breathe.
- Disorders of consciousness (especially in people aged> 65 years).
- People who are> 65 years old and have immune system disorders generally experience hypothermia.
Complications of pneumonia
- Pleurisy, a condition in which a thin layer between the lungs and ribs (pleura) is inflamed, which can cause respiratory failure.
- Ribs (pleura) are inflamed, which can cause respiratory failure.
- Lung abscess, a rare complication that is mostly found in people with serious pre-existing illnesses or who have a history of severe alcohol abuse.
- Blood poisoning (sepsis), also a rare complication but has serious consequences.
Treatment for pneumonia
- Fever-lowering medication if a person has a high fever and makes the activity disturbed.
- Cough medicine to reduce the frequency of coughing and thawing phlegm that cannot get out.
- > 65 years old.
- Has a disturbance of consciousness.
- Having poor kidney function.
- Very low blood pressure (<90 / <60 mmHg).
- Very fast breathing (at devassa> 30 x / minute).
- Body temperature is below normal.
- Pulse <50x / minute or> 100x / minute.
Prevention of Pneumonia
- Pneumonia can be prevented through several efforts, namely:
- Have good personal hygiene.
- Do not smoke.
- Maintain good body immunity by eating healthy foods and exercising diligently.