Flu is a disease caused by viral infections that can attack the nose, throat, and lungs. Flu or influenza is very common in the transition season. The disease is very easily transmitted to others, especially when the first 3-4 days after the sufferer is infected with the flu virus,
Common flu symptoms are fever, headache, cough, soreness, loss of appetite, and sore throat. Flu symptoms will worsen for 2-4 days before finally improving and curing.
Flu and colds are two different conditions. The mum's cold appears gradually with milder symptoms, so it doesn't really impact the routine of the sufferer. Whereas the flu is not like that. The disease tends to cause more severe symptoms, which can interfere with the activity of the sufferer. In addition, the flu incubation period is also shorter.
Flu Risk Factors
Although the flu can strike everyone, there are some people who are quite susceptible to the flu virus. Examples:
- Have a weak immune system.
- Pregnant or just giving birth.
- Toddlers and the elderly.
- Have certain medical conditions such as diabetes, asthma, heart disease, or obesity.
- Work or live in public facilities.
- The body is in a state that is not fit or less contained.
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Causes of Flu
Influenza viruses are the cause of flu in a person. In addition, a person can be out of the virus due to inhaling air that has been worried about influenza virus from an infected person. The way of transmission can be through sneezing or touching objects that have been contaminated with the flu virus. In addition, the flu can also spread through contact with infected animals.
When the flu strikes a person, the sufferer will experience some complaints. Here are the common symptoms of natural flu:
- Dry cough.
- Sore throat.
- Sneezing, nasal congestion, or a dizzying nose.
- Loss of appetite.
To diagnose the flu, there are a few things a doctor will do. First, usually the doctor will conduct a medical interview about the complaint or symptoms experienced by the patient. For example, are there symptoms such as nasal congestion, sneezing, or hoarseness. In addition, the doctor will also perform a physical examination (fever can be found). If necessary, the doctor will perform a supporting examination (blood test) if the flu symptoms have lasted more than 10 days.
Flu that is not treated properly, has the possibility to cause other health problems. Here are some complications caused by the flu.
- Asthma attacks.
- Heart failure.
- Ear infections.
Generally the flu can heal on its own. The treatment steps are sufficient rest, plenty of drinking, as well as keeping the body warm. It is recommended for sufferers to take fever-lowering drugs. Fever-lowering drugs can also reduce the symptoms of pain and aches from the flu. It is not recommended to take antibiotics because the drug serves to kill bacteria, while the flu is caused by a virus.
As explained earlier, flu can be spread through sneezing or touching objects already contaminated with flu viruses. Therefore, to prevent the onsany of flu, cleanliness should always be maintained. Always wash your hands and use a mask on the go, especially if people around you have the flu. Another preventive measure is by vaccination, but this is only recommended for those more susceptible to flu complications.
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When to See a Doctor?
If you are showing flu symptoms and are at risk of complications, speak to your doctor immediately for appropriate treatment.
Know the 4 Complications of Flu that You Need to Watch Out for
- Nasal blockage is getting worse;
- Sore throat;
- Pain in the cheeks, upper jaw, and teeth;
- There is swelling near the eyes.
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Different Treatment with Regular Flu Treatment
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2. Warm Soup
4. Warm Water
When Should You Take Your Child to the Doctor when you Have the Flu?
When Does the Flu Need to Be Checked With a Doctor?
- Symptoms of dehydration arise, such as refusing to drink or breastfeeding.
- The appearance of a blue tinge around the lips or nail base on the hands or feet, or bluish color on the skin.
- The kid looks very lethargic.
- Unable to get up.
- It's hard to breathe.
- The spike in body temperature after the original fever disappeared.
- Severe headaches.
- Stiff neck.
- Fussy or looking uncomfortable.
- Do not want to be held or touched, in infants and toddlers.
Flu Treatment in Children
- Paracetamol. Paracetamol helps reduce the pain and fever your little one experiences. Avoid giving aspirin to children who are feverish.
- Cough medicine. If the flu is accompanied by a cough, then the child may also need cough medicine.
- Antiviral drugs. This drug can help alleviate symptoms and shorten the length of the disease. However, the drug does not cure the flu. The drug should begin within 2 days after symptoms appear.
Flu Prevention That Mothers Should Know
- Often wash your hands, especially before preparing food or touching the child.
- Get rid of the dirty wipes immediately.
- Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing. Better, remove the cough in the indentation of the arm and not in the hand.
- Put on a face mask. This can help limit the spread of germs when coughing, sneezing, or talking.
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