Milk Allergy Definition
Milk allergies can be interpreted as a reaction to the immune system due to products made or containing milk. Usually experienced by children, especially when consuming cow's milk or products containing cow's milk. However, it does not cover the likelihood that this condition can be caused by goat milk, sheep, or other nursing animals. Milk proteins that most often cause allergies are whey and casein.
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Risk Factors For Milk Allergies
Some people have a higher risk of having milk allergies (prone to) than others. The risk factors that can be trigger include:
- There is an allergic history to family members, such as asthma, eczema, rhinitis, or hay fever.
- The baby's age and children are easier to suffer from milk allergies, because of the imperfect digestive system. However, this condition will improve with age and the maturity of the gastrointestinal tract.
- There is a history of atopic dermatitis or skin inflammation caused by allergies in children.
- Allergies to food or other beverages that generally develop after a milk allergy arises.
Causes of Milk Allergies
The main cause of milk allergies is the occurrence of disorders of the immune system that incorrectly identifies proteins in milk as substances that harm the body. This triggers the immune system to produce immunoglobilin E to neutralize the allergic trigger substance and release histamine into the blood, resulting in the symptoms of milk allergies. Dairy allergies differ from lactose intolerance. If allergies are caused by disorders of the immune system, then lactose intolerance occurs because the body has not been able to accept certain substances, and has no relation to the immune system of the patient.
Symptoms of Milk Allergies
Allergic symptoms usually arise one hour after consuming milk. Symptoms include:
- The breath sounds ngik;
- Redness of the skin;
- Diarrhea or stools that can be accompanied by blood in the Code;
- Stomach cramps;
- Watery nose;
- Watery eyes;
- Reddish rash is itchy around the mouth; and
- The presence of colic in infants is characterized by an unending baby crying and with no obvious cause.
In severe allergic reactions or anaphylaxis may arise symptoms as follows:
- Airway and throat clogged, resulting in shortness of breath;
- Blood pressure drops drastically; and
- Facial redness and itching on the whole body.
Relief measures should be performed if there is an analgesic or severe allergic symptom. The Patient must be taken to the hospital immediately.
Milk Allergy Diagnosis
Some steps that the doctor will do to enforce the diagnosis of milk allergies are as follows:
- Inquire about the history of allergic journeys on the age or parent of a child (infants and children) including what foods and drinks have been eaten, allergy symptoms arising, and whether the symptoms diminish or disappear when food or drink is stopped.
- Physical examination to check for allergic indications on the body.
- Blood screening to check the level of antibodies immunoglobulin E in the blood.
- Examination through the skin, is usually done by making small cuts on the skin surface of the pengidap. Small injuries to the skin will be placed in small amounts of milk proteins. If the observation occurs, there is a small itching on the area, indicating a milk allergy.
Milk Allergy Treatment
In children, milk allergies will disappear as the age increases. However, in some cases, there are children who still have milk allergies up to the age of adulthood. The most major treatment action is to avoid milk or dairy-containing food products.
- Medications that are often used to reduce allergic symptoms are:
- Antihistamines are used to reduce the discomfort due to symptoms caused by allergic reactions.
- Adrenaline to overcome symptoms of severe allergies or anaphylaxis given in an injectable way by a physician.
Milk Allergy Prevention
Avoiding milk allergies is to not consume milk or products containing milk or dairy proteins. Some products containing milk or protein are butter, yogurt, pudding, cakes, ice cream, cheese, foodstuffs containing lactose or lactate, candies, chocolates, caramel, and products containing whey and casein.
In nursing mothers, how to prevent cow's milk allergies in infants is to provide exclusive Breastfeeding without the addition of formula milk or other beverages and foods during the first 6 months of baby life. Breast milk is considered to be the best food and can prevent dairy allergies in infants. If the infant has been diagnosed with cow's milk allergy, it is advisable not to consume cow's milk or a product containing cow's milk so that the substance does not enter through MILK to his baby.
If breast milk cannot be provided to infants or children with more mature age, there are alternatives. The provision of hypoallergenic milk formula, soy milk, or rice milk can be a substitute alternative to prevent symptoms caused by milk allergies. Discuss with the doctor if the child has symptoms or indications of milk allergies and give a substitute milk formula according to the doctor's recommendation.
When to go to a doctor?
If you have any of the above signs and symptoms of milk allergies, then talk to your doctor to find out the cause and get the right treatment. To perform the check-up, you can immediately make an appointment with your preferred doctor in the hospital.
Here are 5 foods that most often cause allergies in children
Seeing children grow healthy and can consume different kinds of food tastes every parent. However, in the process of identifying different types of food, children are often faced with allergic problems. This condition can even be experienced when the child is still very small, such as milk allergies for example, which is common in infants and toddlers. Actually, what makes a child allergic to a food and what are the types of foods that most often cause allergies in children?
Previously, it should be noted that the immune system exists in any person as a protector of various harmful substances that enter the body. When an allergy occurs, the system reacts to a substance that is considered harmful, although it is not dangerous. Substances that are considered harmful and trigger an allergic reaction are referred to as allergens.
These allergens can be certain foods, medicines, pollen, dust, mites, insect bites, animal feathers, etc. When a person is exposed to an allergen, the body produces antibodies, because it considers allergens to be a substance that endangers the body. Every time it is exposed to the same allergens, the body increases the production of antibodies to the allergens. This condition that triggers histamine is released into the blood and results in allergic symptoms.
In children, allergies are usually more prone to occur, considering the child's endurance is not as good as adults. That is why there are some children who have allergies in childhood, but no longer experience it when growing up. Some types of food and beverages that often cause allergies in children, among others:
1. Cow milk
Allergies to cow's milk or also often called milk allergies usually appear and are experienced by newborns and children. In most cases, allergies to cow's milk can heal on its own when it turns 4 or 5 years old. The most common calf-milk allergic reactions appearing in children are itchy red rash that appears on the cheeks and skin of the body. To get around this, mothers can give an alternative milk in the form of dairy and soy milk aka soybeans.
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Allergies to eggs are caused by the body's immune system that incorrectly identifies egg proteins as substances that harm the body. Consequently, the body gives a reaction of the release of histamine into the blood and causes allergic symptoms. Allergies can be caused by the egg whites, the egg yolks, or both.
In children, allergies are an egg-white allergy. While in adults, egg yolks more often cause allergies. In infants who are breastfeeding, egg allergies are usually obtained from the BREASTFEEDING of mothers who consume eggs. This condition is also triggered because it has not perfected the gastrointestinal tract of infants and children.
Nuts are one of the common foods that cause allergies in children and adults. Peanut allergies have two types, namely nuts that grow from trees (tree nuts), such as walnuts, almonds, as well as hazelnuts and from underground (peanuts), for example nuts, peas, and soy beans. Peanuts and trees are not the same, but allergies to peanut increase the people with for tree nut allergies of 25 to 40 percent. Peanut allergies and tree nuts can provide severe allergic symptoms to people who are life-threatening.
Seafood is also famous for its ability to trigger an allergic reaction in humans. From tuna, salmon, prawns, squid, shellfish, to crabs. This results in omega-3 content and its high mineri.
Allergic reactions that usually appear are itching on the skin, esophagus, as well as red bentols on the skin. Vomiting and diarrhea also often occur. In some cases extreme allergies, it can even trigger death. Unfortunately, seafood allergies aka seafood this can last a lifetime aka difficult to heal.
5. Wheat flour
Gluten in wheat flour can be an enemy to many people. The high content of gluten and protein triggers the onset of red rash on skin. In some cases, watery eyes and diarrhea are also a reaction that is experienced by the Patient.
That's a little explanation of the types of food that often cause allergies in children. If you need more information about this or other health disorders, feel free to discuss it with your doctor.
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