Cold allergies or cold urticaria are a skin reaction due to the cold, and appear a few minutes after exposure to cold weather. Symptoms that arise in a person with the abnormalities are red spots, itching on the skin, and the skin lifts by itself with clear boundaries. This is due to abnormal immune response.
This situation generally occurs due to the impact of food allergies or medications. Symptoms may occur and disappear quickly or slowly, depending on the Pengidapnya. These disorders can be harmful to the pengidapnya, requiring allergic tests, physical challenges, and other tests. Generally, a person with cold allergies will be given antihistamines.
The most common cold allergies are attacking young adults. If you feel you have this condition, try to check with the expert doctor. Early prevention can be very useful to avoid unwanted things. Maybe the doctor would advise to avoid the cold air and shower with water that is too cold.
Cold allergies or cold urticaria are very rare, estimated to only attack less than one percent of the population. However, this disorder can reach 30 percent of the population in cold-climate areas. Women are more risky to have cold urticaria than men. In addition, there is also a relationship between pneumonia and cold allergies.
Symptoms of Cold Allergies
In a person with cold allergies, symptoms can arise, among others:
- The cold skin Area has redness and itching.
- The reaction will be worse when the skin warms.
- Hands swell when holding cool objects.
- Lips swell after consuming cold food or drinks.
- Faint, heart beat, swelling of the body, and shock.
- Swelling of the tongue and throat so difficult to breathe.
- These symptoms may arise immediately after the skin is exposed by a decrease in temperature or cold objects. Humid and windy conditions can make the symptoms worse. Any person with cold allergies, these symptoms can occur for up to two hours.
Severe reactions can occur when the whole skin is exposed to cold temperatures, such as swimming in cold water. This can lead to a loss of consciousness and drowning.
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Tips to Prevent Cold Allergies
There are a few tips that you can do to prevent cold allergies when you travel to a cold, snowy country. Here are some tips to prevent cold urticaria occurring, among others:
- Maintaining body temperature
One of the tips to prevent the occurrence of cold allergies in someone is to keep the body temperature. Always make sure the body stays warm by using a thick jacket, so that the skin does not react quickly at cold temperatures. Always make sure the whole body is covered by a thick cloth before traveling. Also, try to drink something warm in order to keep the body temperature from inside.
- Taking antihistamines
When you travel to a snowy country and have cold allergies, then you are recommended to take antihistamines. There has been no special medication to cope with cold urticaria, but antihistamines can reduce the symptoms that arise. The drug can relieve the Buran that occurs when the allergies are relapse.
- Preparing the injections of Epinephrine (EpiPen)
When cold allergies in a person tend to be severe, the symptoms that occur easily are relapse. It is also worth noting that the condition can be fatal. Therefore, try to provide EpiPen always. The tool serves to ward off severe cold allergic reactions. However, its use should always be with a doctor's recommendation to avoid any side effects.
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These are some tips to prevent cold allergies when you're traveling to a snowy country.